DFP-222
Updated on 18-Jun-2009
Democratic Freedom Party

Table of contents

 
  Tashkent pact
  Delhi Agreement
  Simla Pact
  Lahore declaration
  UN & Kashmir
   
   
India wants to mislead the world: Shabir Shah

 

Icon loadingShabir Ahmed Shah, the Secretary General of Hurriyat Conference talks to Wujood.com

Rank & File

 
 
  M A Saghar, VP
   
 
  M A Tari, Sec. General
India has forcibly occupied our motherland but they can not enslave our hearts.......

Picture Gallery

 
 

Poll Boycott: Why?

 
 

We have been vilified, denounced, condemned, tortured, beaten, jailed and even murdered.......but never defeated..Shabir Ahmed Shah

News Papers of Jammu and Kashmir

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Greater Kashmir
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Kashmir Times
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Kashmir Observer
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Kashmir Media
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Wadi-ki-Awaz
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Daily Aftab
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Daily Chattan
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BBC Urdu
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J&K Gov.Site
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Srinagar Times
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Kashmir Uzma -Epaper
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The Mirror
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Kashmir Images
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Kashmir Despatch
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Rising Kashmir

News Archive Year 2011

  Dec Nov Oct
  Sep Aug Jul
  Jun May Apr
  Mar Feb Jan
   
   
 

Front Page

About Kashmir

 

A brief historical background

 

The state of Jammu and Kashmir was the largest and the fourth most populous of the 565 princely states in British India, comprising five distinct multilingual regions

  1. The valley of Kashmir.

  2. Jammu Province.

  3. The district of Poonch.

  4. Ladakh and Baltistan.

  5. The Gilgit Region.

In mid-nineteenth century these five different regions were brought under a single administration. In 1947, approximately 77% of population were Muslims, 20% Hindu, 1.5% Sikh, and 1% Buddhist. Historically all these communities have lived in relative harmony. With the decline of Mughal power in India, Kashmir was conquered by an Afghan ruler, Ahmad Shah Abdali. In 1819 Sikhs ousted the Afghan ruler from Kashmir. The Sikhs soon turned out to be even greater oppressors. In 1844 British waged war against the Sikhs, Gulab Singh aided British. As a reward for his loyalty, by the treaty of Amritsar (1846) the territory was transferred to Gulab Singh as his “independent” possession for only a sum of Rs. 7.5 million. When Gulab Singh dynasty failed to exercise actual control over Gilgit, the British being suspicious of Russian motives towards the Pamirs, created the Gilgit Agency in 1889 and placed in under direct control of a British Political agent.

In 1947 the British withdrew from India leaving behind a partitioned subcontinent. Two independent states, India and Pakistan had come into being. The state of Jammu Kashmir was at that time one of the approximately 565 “princely” states that had existed in India under the British.

It is important to note that the British, even at the height of their imperial power, directly administered only about half the continent. The other half consisted of these 500-plus princely states of different sizes, nominally independent or autonomous kingdoms or principalities.

When the British announced that India’s independence was to be granted in August 1947 and that power would be handed over to both the entities India and Pakistan. At that time, the princely states had three choices on paper.

  1. They could either accede to India.

  2. They could accede to Pakistan

  3. Or they could opt to be independent units.


Map of Jammu Kashmir

This was on paper, in practice there were only two choices. Either accede to India or Pakistan. What would Jammu Kashmir do? The state was ruled by Hari Singh, a Hindu Maharaja, however, the decisive majority population of Jammu Kashmir consisted of Muslims at the time of decolonization, partition and independence in 1947. Being a territory with solid Muslim majority state JK probably belonged to Pakistan.

What actually emerged was a complicated sequence of events; despot of Jammu Kashmir declared allegiance to India without respecting the wishes & aspirations of the people of Jammu & Kashmir. Since then the territory has been the focus of an intense territorial dispute between India and Pakistan.

Indian’s Claim on Kashmir:
Indian claim on Kashmir is based on the so-called agreement of accession which, according to Indian’s was signed by then despotic Maharaja Hari Sing. And thus terms Kashmir as it’s integral part. The claim was neither accepted by the people of Jammu and Kashmir nor validated by the United Nations.

UN Resolutions Kashmir
According to the UN Resolutions Kashmir is a disputed territory and the inhabitants of the state have right to choose their political destiny through a free fair plebiscite to be held under the auspicious of the United Nations.

 

 
 
 
 
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 Head Office

150 A Rawlpora Coloney Sanat Nagar Srinagar (Indian held Kashmir)

 Information Office

Satellite Town Rawalpindi Pakistan

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